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Capture and recycling of ammonium by dolomite-aided struvite, precipitation and thermolysis

Liang Chen, Chun Hui Zhou*, Hao Zhang, Dong Shen Tong, Wei Hua Yu, Hui Min Yang, Mao Quan Chu. Capture and recycling of ammonium by dolomite-aided struvite, precipitation and thermolysis.Chemosphere, 2017, 187:302-310.

Abstract:
The capture and reuse of NH4+ is an ideal solution to treat NH4+-containing wastewater. The capture and reuse process needs to be clean and cost-effective. Currently, however, there are many obstacles, particularly in the availability, cost, and recovery of the chemical sources required. Here, we demonstrate a clean and efficient method to capture and recycle NH4+ by a dolomite-aided struvite precipitation process. Dolomite calcined carefully in CO2 atmosphere was used as a Mg source to react with PO43− (KH2PO4) and NH4+ in model wastewater (2000 mg L−1 NH4+). The precipitation was performed at nMg2+:nNH4+:nPO43− = 1:1:1.2 and pH = 8.0 for 2 h; 89.7% of NH4+ was recovered in the form of struvite precipitate. The competition between K+ and NH4+ in the model wastewater led to the formation of K-struvite (MgKPO4•6H2O) and struvite (MgNH4PO4•6H2O). The formation of K-struvite resulted in a decrease in the NH4+ removal rate. When struvite was heated at 110 °C for 4 h, the NH4+ release rate from the thermolysis reached 75.7%. Thermolysis readily occurred as an unstable Ca2+-CO32--NH4+ system formed in the mixture of MgNH4PO4•6H2O and CaCO3. The elements Mg and P that were obtained during the struvite precipitation–thermolysis–reprecipitation process can be repeatedly used. After 6 cycles, under the conditions pH = 9.0, nMg2+:nNH4+:nPO43− = 1:1:1 and reaction time of 2 h, up to 78.3% of NH4+ was removed from the model wastewater.

Link:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0045653517312882

 
 

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